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Transports in London: the London tube

Metropolitana di Londra

La metropolitana di Londra

La metro di Londra, meglio conosciuta dai suoi abitanti come “The Tube”, il tubo o ancora London Tube per la sua forma a sezioni circolari, è diventata nel corso dei secoli il simbolo della capitale inglese.

La London Underground, inaugurata il 10 gennaio del 1863 con la tratta Paddington e Farringdon Street, vanta di essere la prima metropolitana costruita al mondo. Negli anni successivi, molti furono gli sforzi compiuti per allargare e rendere la metro londinese la più grande in Europa e terza nel mondo. Infatti la Tube possiede 11 linee della metro, occupa una superficie di 402 km e conta 270 stazioni sparse sul territorio londinese. Si calcola che trasporti in media 5 milioni di passeggeri ogni giorno.

In questo articolo ti fornirò tutte le informazioni necessarie per poter viaggiare a bordo della metro di Londra e approfittare di questo servizio che, seppure ‘anziano’, ha saputo adeguarsi così bene ai tempi da diventare una delle metropolitane migliori al mondo.

Metro Londra: Mappa

Se vuoi iniziare a conoscere la Tube e le sue linee colorate, e quindi diventare un esperto di questo immenso tubo sotterraneo, ti consiglio di studiarti a fondo la sua mappa.

mappa della tube di londraGeneralmente questa così come la vedi, è la mappa ufficiale della Metropolitana di Londra. Sul lato sinistro puoi vedere la legenda, alcuni simboli che troverai nella mappa così da poterla capire meglio. Sul lato destro invece, sono elencate le varie linee, contraddistinte ognuna dal suo proprio colore. Ti basterà cercare il colore della linea di tuo interesse e seguire le varie stazioni di passaggio. Esiste anche una mappa della metropolitana di Londra notturna, ti suggerisco di darle un’occhiata, sono certo che ti servirà.

Recentemente ho scoperto che esiste pure una mappa interattiva molto simpatica che indica il movimento live dei vari vagoni della Tube ricreata da un amante della Metropolitana.

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Metro Londra Orari

La Metro di Londra, come già menzionato, è formata da 11 linee i cui orari di apertura e chiusura variano a seconda del tragitto di percorrenza. Approssimativamente possiamo affermare che la metro circoli dalle 5 del mattino alla 1 di notte. Per quanto riguarda la frequenza, le corse sono regolari e avvengono con diversi intervalli. Questi ultimi dipendono dalle linee e dagli orari. Durante la peak-hour (ora di punta) sulle linee principali si possono avere treni ogni 1 – 2 minuti, mentre “off peak” (fuori dall’ora di punta), anche ogni 10 – 15 minuti, ma con una media attorno ai 5 minuti.

Da agosto 2016 le linee Central, Jubilee, Northern, Piccadilly e Victoria, effettuano un servizio 24/h durante i weekend. Le linee che effettuano il servizio notturno hanno una frequenza di 10 – 20 minuti, anche questa varia a seconda della tratta, ad esempio, alcune diramazioni della Central non effettuano servizio notturno (North Acton e West Ruislip, Loughton e Epping, and Woodford e Hainault).

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Tutte le linee sono aperte la notte di capodanno e il servizio è gratuito dall’una alle sei del primo gennaio.

Orari di inizio e fine corsa per ogni linea cambiano a seconda della fermata e della tratta precisa. Per maggiori informazioni vi invito a cliccare su questo link e scaricarvi gli orari che vi servono. Qualora si dovessero effettuare lavori di manutenzione all’ interno delle stazioni, questi vengono effettuati durante il weekend e potrebbero causare cambiamenti nel regolare funzionamento. Spesso gli eventuali lavori vengono comunicati con fogli attaccati alle stazioni ed annunci vocali in metro, quindi ti invito sempre a prestare attenzione per evitare spiacevoli inconvenienti.

Metro Londra: Metodi di pagamento e tariffe

Le tariffe della London Tube sono stabilite dalla TFL (Transports for London) e dipendono dalla zona e dagli orari:

  • Zona: Londra è divisa in 9 zone e il costo dei biglietti dipende dalla zona di partenza e da quella di arrivo. Alcune fermate della metro di Londra possono essere al confine tra due zone. In questo caso, si applica la tariffa più economica. Per esempio, se si viaggia da zona 2 ad una fermata al confine tra zona 2 e 3 la fermata verrà considerata zona 2.
  • Orario: I costi variano a seconda dell’orario. Durante le ore di punta (6.30 – 9.30 e 16 – 19 dal lunedì al venerdì) si ha una tariffa maggiore. Le corse notturne applicano una tariffa non maggiorata.

Un altro fattore che influenza le tariffe della Tube, è il metodo di pagamento usato benché tutti i metodi non offrano un costo modesto. Preparati perché la metro londinese è costosa rispetto a quella di altre capitali europee. Di seguito, un elenco per mostrarti i metodi di pagamento che si possono utilizzare sulla London Tube.

Come pagare sui mezzi di trasporto di Londra?

  • Paper tickets: Sono I biglietti di carta e possono essere giornalieri, settimanali e di gruppo. Questi si fanno alle stazioni metro e sono i più costosi. Inoltre per alcune tratte che includono l‘uso del treno, è necessario fare un biglietto cartaceo con foto- tessera annessa. Per maggiori informazioni è possibile visitare il sito della TFL.
  • Oyster card: è una carta ricaricabile stile fototessera che ogni londinese ha e permette di viaggiare a tariffe più vantaggiose. Per saperne di più ti invito a dare un’occhiata al nostro articolo dedicato alla Oyster Card.
  • Contactless Card: Da pochi anni è possibile pagare i viaggi giornalieri, “Pay as you go”, cioè con una carta di credito o debito contactless. Se la tua carta possiede questa opzione, tutto quello che dovrai fare sarà appoggiarla all’entrata e all’uscita sul lettore giallo presente in tutte le stazioni metro. Il costo del viaggio ti verrà quindi addebitato sul conto associato a quella carta.
  • Apple Pay: è il metodo di pagamento della Apple che consente di effettuare pagamenti contactless tramite iPhone (dal 6 in poi) e da Apple Watch. Questo metodo, ti permette di entrare ed uscire dalla metro poggiando il tuo iPhone o watch sul lettore giallo, presente ai tornelli della metro. Per utilizzarlo dovrai prima collegarlo alla tua carta di credito (assicurati che la tua banca o la carta che hai lo consenta). Questo metodo è applicabile solo alle corse singole e giornaliere. Le tariffe sono quelle stabilite da Transports for London e variano in base alle zone e all’orario. Per saperne di più, ti consiglio di visitare il sito della TFL su Apple Pay.
  • Google Pay: è sempre un metodo di pagamento contactless, questa volta però firmato Google. Per sapere se il tuo dispositivo Android ti permettere di utilizzarlo, devi solo vedere se ti è possibile scaricarlo dal tuo Google Play. Una volta compiuto il download bisognerà collegare questa app alla tua carta. Ciò ti permetterà di effettuare diversi pagamenti contactless tra cui quello per la metro di Londra o London Tube, se preferisci. Ricordati sempre di verificare se è compatibile con questi nuovi metodi di pagamento. Cosi come l’Apple Pay, non puoi usufruire di abbonamenti mensili e settimanali.
  • Mobile contactles: Alcune banche permettono di scaricare le loro app sul cellulare e poter pagare contactless tramite quelle. Sulla London Tube, si possono utilizzare le carte della Barclay (Barclaycard or debit car) collegate alla relativa app (Barclaycard or Barclay mobile banking app).
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Per tutti i metodi contactless è possibile creare un account sul sito della TFL e collegarlo con il metodo contactless scelto (Oyster compresa). Questo ti permetterà di monitorare tutti i viaggi e le spese fatte sulla metro di Londra. Per i viaggi effettuati, il “Pay as you go”, è molto importante tener presente il concetto del capping, il limite massimo di spesa che verrà addebitata, raggiungibile al giorno e a settimana. Per una spiegazione ancor più esaustiva del concetto ti invito a leggerti il nostro articolo sulla Oyster.

Metro Londra: Sicurezza

Essendo la London Tube uno snodo fondamentale della capitale, questa ha avuto bisogno di implementare forti misure di sicurezza. Tutte le stazioni sono munite di telecamere e più di 2000 poliziotti sono spesso disposti a presiedere la metro londinese per riportare ed evitare atteggiamenti contrari alla legge. Dopo i diversi attentati terroristici, gli addetti ai servizi sono inoltre stati istruiti tramite corsi di sicurezza per saper cosa fare in caso di necessità. Numerose sono poi le attenzioni verso i clienti della Tube per evitare incidenti minori e non. Nella Tube londinese risuonano con cadenza sistematici ammonimenti come il celebre “mind the gap”, cioè prestare attenzione allo spazio che separa la banchina dal vagone della metro, “il riportare qualsiasi oggetto incustodito al personale competente”, “fare attenzione a borseggiatori”, o in caso di pioggia, “fare attenzione al pavimento scivoloso”.

È importante ricordarsi per la propria sicurezza e per una questione di “galateo” metropolitano di tenere la destra sulla scala mobile per lasciare il passaggio libero. In conclusione possiamo affermare che la metro di Londra è sicura e offre un ottimo servizio per le persone che ci vivono e per quelle che semplicemente la vogliono visitare.

Speriamo, dunque di avervi fornito informazioni utili sulla London Tube, per qualsiasi domanda o perplessità sulla metro di Londra vi invitiamo a lasciare un commento sotto e nel frattempo vi auguriamo un “safe journey”!

What is pre-Settled Status and Settled status?

What are pre-settled status and settled status?

Recently, more and more frequently, we read in the newspapers information on Brexit and new rules that will come into force from March 2019 and that will concern all citizens of the European Union.

In fact, in order to be able to live in the UK after December 2020, every European citizen must have applied for temporary residence or permanent residence called as pre-settled status and settled status. More information can be found here.

When can you register your application?

You can apply from March 2019 and the deadline is 30 June 2021. However, you can also apply after June 2021 if you are joining your family in the United Kingdom.

How much does it cost to register for pre-settled and settled status?

  • £ 65 for those over 16 years of age;
  • £ 32.50 for children under 16 years of age.

Please note: from 30 March 2019 requesting the Settled Status no longer has any cost. If you paid previously, you can request a full refund.

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What is meant by permanent residence and temporary residence?

Getting temporary or permanent residency means that you can live in the UK even after December 31, 2020.

What happens if I get permanent residence?

  • You can definitely stay in the UK;
  • You can apply for British citizenship;
  • You could stay out of the UK for 5 years without losing permanent residence.

Also, if you have children in the future, they will be considered British citizens.

What happens if I get temporary residence?

  • You can stay in the UK for another 5 years from the date of the application of temporary residence;
  • You can apply for permanent residency if you have lived in the UK for at least 5 years and at least 6 months of each year in the UK, known as continuous (free) residence;
  • You could stay outside the UK for 2 years without losing your temporary residence.

Furthermore, if you have children in the future, they will be able to apply for temporary residence.

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What are my rights once my request is accepted?

Having temporary or permanent residence means that you can:

  • Register with the National Health Service (NHS);
  • Enroll in study courses or continue studying;
  • Access public funds such as benefits and pensions, provided that you are eligible;
  • Bring members of your family to the UK by 31 December 2020;
  • Travel in and out of the UK.

To check your stay you can access an online service. In fact, you will not get a physical document if you are a citizen of the European Community or if you have a biometric card confirming your residence.

Who can apply

Generally to apply for one of the two residences you must:

  • Be an EU citizen or have a family member of the EU;
  • Have lived in the UK for at least 5 years (continuous residence);
  • Started living in the UK before December 2020.

If you have lived less than 5 years in the UK you can apply for temporary residence (pre-Settled Status).

‘Continuous residence’

Residence is called continuous residence when you have lived in the UK for at least 6 months of each of the past 5 years.

So if you have lived at least 5 years in the UK you can apply for permanent residence, otherwise you can apply for temporary residence.

Please note: The current permanent residence will no longer be valid after 31 December 2020. You can still easily convert your current permanent residence into settled status by simply applying for it.

How to apply for residence

It will be possible to apply for residency starting on March 2019. The application form can be completed online and obtain support via telephone or in person.

Do you already have Settled Status? Did you know that you can download and print a letter that officially proves your current residence status?

What documents do you need

To fill in the form you need the following documents:

  • Confirm your identity (proof of identity);
  • Confirm the status of your UK residence;
  • Document confirming your relationship with a member of your family residing in the UK if you live outside the EU.

Proof of identity

You will need to provide a passport or identity document which you can scan through a mobile phone or send by post. plus you will also need to send a copy of a recent photo of your face.

Proof of continuous residence

If you paid taxes through work or benefits received, you can prove that you lived in the UK thanks to your paycheck.

You may also receive a request to provide the following documents:

  • P60s or P45s;
  • Paycheck;
  • Bank account balance;
  • Bills on your name;
  • Letter written by the job employer confirming your employment;
  • The stamp on your passport certifying your entry into the UK;
  • Air and train tickets confirming the journey to the United Kingdom.

READ THE ORIGINAL ARTICLE ON THE GOVERNMENT SITE

If you have any questions or just want to give us some suggestions, write in the comments below.

One day in Brighton: what to visit

Lungo mare Brighton porticciolo

Introduction to Brighton

Brighton is a town located on the south coast of England, famous for its beaches, its colorful houses and its diversity.

It is a destination that is often chosen by tourists on holiday in London, as it is very quick and cheap to get off to Brighton thanks to the train and buses, and being a human-sized town, it can be easily visited in a day.

Assuming you arrive in Brighton via the railway, the first place I recommend you visit is the Brighton Toy and Model Museum, located right next to the station. Here you will find more than ten thousand games and models, displayed through Victorian galleries, and it is the ideal first stop that will fascinate both kids and adults.

The North Laine neighborhood

Once the visit is over, direct towards the North Laine district, one of the most famous and visited in the city. Here you will find a multitude of independent shops where you can buy all kinds of food, new and second-hand clothes, home decorations, handicrafts and much more.

London, one of the most important cities in Europe and the world. What do we know about London?

It is advisable to spend a couple of hours in this beautiful neighborhood, small but full of surprises! An iconic shop is Snooper’s Paradise in Kensington Gardens, where you will find a huge collection of various second-hand items. You can not miss the numerous graffiti hidden almost everywhere in the neighborhood and, if you are hungry, you can choose from the many cafes in the area, with a great choice of vegetarian and vegan dishes.

Once you have completed your visit to the neighborhood, walk down Trafalgar Street to St. Peter’s Church, a beautiful pre-Victorian Gothic style church built in the 19th century.

Brighton piazza del Royal Pavilion

Brighton Royal Pavilion square

The emblematic monuments of the city

Walking south towards the sea, you will arrive in front of the inevitable Royal Pavilion, one of the emblematic monuments of the city. In full oriental style, this palace was built in the nineteenth century under Prince George IV, who in 1802 wanted to modify the external appearance of the palace according to the Indian and Chinese style for the interior, which he was fond of. You can visit the interior of the Royal Pavilion by paying an entrance ticket, where you can admire, in addition to the splendid interiors, objects on display loaned by Queen Elizabeth.

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It is worth visiting the park around the Royal Pavilion, very green and full of vegetation, perfect for a relaxing moment in the sun. This park also houses the Brighton Museum, Brighton’s art museum, the entrance has a little cost. You will find various collections inside showing the history of Brighton and the world around us, as well as the various exhibitions that the museum regularly hosts.

Continuing your walk to the sea, you will arrive at Old Steine, but before coasting the promenade I recommend you to head west and go up North Street, one of the main streets of the city center, and then access the famous Lanes by taking one of the small streets that you will find on your left.

Partly similar to North Laine, The Lanes is another of the typical neighborhoods of Brighton, made up of small, mostly pedestrianized streets and characterized by various independent shops of all kinds. Here you will find many restaurants, shops specializing in sweets and clothing stores, including luxury ones, but above all many jewelers.

For shopping lovers there is also Churchill Square, the city’s commercial center, located in the center of Brighton near the Clock Tower, built in 1888 for the golden jubilee of Queen Victoria.

Brighton West Pier

Brighton West Pier

The seafront, Brighton pier

It is finally time to walk towards the place you most expect to see: the seafront, with its pebble beaches. If you arrive at the Seafront from West Street, you will be halfway between the West Pier (west) and Palace Pier (east).

The West Pier was burned in 2003 due to two fires, and what you will see is its skeleton, which in bad weather deteriorates more and more over the years, but remains always fascinating and mysterious to contemplate.

The opening of British Airways i360 was inaugurated recently, a 162 meter high tower from which you can admire the entire city, the South Downs national park and, on clear days, the cliffs located east of Brighton. Entrance is not free, little fee applies.

Brighton molo principale lungomare

Brighton main pier waterfront

Finally, you have to see the extremely popular Palace Pier, probably the most emblematic place in the city, with its amusement park, its games and the magnificent view of Brighton that it offers, especially at sunset.

Already been to Brighton? Let us know in the comments about your experiences and if there are other places in Brighton that you think are worth visiting!

One day in London: what to visit

Londra vista sul Tamigi

London is not only the largest city in the United Kingdom, but the biggest of the European Union: visiting all the monuments and the museums in one day is impossible. This does not mean that it is not worth visiting, even when you are in London for a short time: if you follow my itinerary with all the emblematic monuments of the capital – leaving aside the museums which need more time – one day in London is enough to discover the most popular places in the city.

Let’s assume your day in London starts at 9 in the morning in Victoria, a neighborhood in the heart of the city with an important train and bus station. If you arrive at the station or find an underground stop nearby, I recommend you to go to a counter with personal or automatic to request the Visitor Oyster Card, a rechargeable pass that will allow you to travel on public transport. £ 15 is more than enough to visit all the places that we will introduce you to in this article. If you prefer to walk and limit the use of public transport as much as you can, a contactless payment is enough to use the metro and buses if you need it.

London has 5 main airports and one of these, Heathrow, is one of the most important airports in the world by number of passengers. Around 1303 planes leave and arrive every day from Heathrow.

Westminster and Trafalgar Square

About twenty minutes walk from Victoria Station, and a stone’s throw from the side of the river Thames, you will find the Big Ben, one of the most famous clocks in the world, overlooking the London Eye, located across the river. (To get there by tube, take the Circle Line or the District Line to Westminster Station).

But that’s not all you have to visit in the area: we are in fact in the Westminster district, where the English parliament is located. Looking around you can see the House of Parliament, Westminster Palace and the splendid Westminster Abbey, the place where British sovereigns are crowned. Access to the abbey is free for those who have the London Pass.

I recommend that you spend an hour in this beautiful neighborhood full of history before venturing towards Trafalgar Square (13 minutes on foot or 6 minutes by bus taking the number 88 from Parliament Square to Trafalgar Square). In the center of this important square is the statue of Horatio Nelson, the British admiral who defeated France and Spain in the battle of Trafalgar. Behind it you will find the National Gallery, a free art museum founded in 1824.

Londra Big Ben e vista sul Tamigi

Buckingham Palace and parks of London

You can now walk south-west to The Mall, a beautiful tree-lined avenue that connects the Admiralty Arch (a stone’s throw from Trafalgar Square) to Buckingham Palace (16 minutes on foot), skirting St. James’s Park.

You will arrive at the official residence of Queen Elizabeth, where every day starting 11:15 am you can watch the famous change of guard, which lasts about half an hour. Once the ceremony is over, go through Green Park, located immediately to the left of Buckingham Palace, to reach the famous Hyde Park (16 minutes on foot), an ideal place to relax, contemplate nature and visit the famous Speaker’s Corner. This is the name of a corner of the park still in use today where great figures of the past, including George Orwell, Karl Marx and Lenin, exposed their ideas to the public, creating a place for promoting and defending freedom of expression.

A long weekend in London: what to visit?

Shopping in Oxford Street

It is now time for lunch. Heading north-east you will arrive at Marble Arch. On your right you will find Oxford Street, a large street full of shops and cafés where you can have a bite to eat before spending a couple of hours shopping and buying souvenirs. At Oxford Circus underground station there is the intersection of Oxford Street and Regent Street, another London shopping street. Heading south you will come to Piccadilly Circus, a sdawaethat has become famous for its large bright advertising screens. If shopping isn’t your thing, you can go directly to the next destination by taking the Central Line at Marble Arch to the Tottenham Court Road stop.

Leicester Square is only a five minute walk from Piccadilly: in this area you will find the famous Odeon Cinema (where all the big movie stars are invited for the premières), the Chinese district of London Chinatown and many theaters and restaurants.

Londra St Paul's Cathedral

St. Paul’s Cathedral and Covent Garden

Then take the Piccadilly Line to Leicester Square and change to Holborn to take the Central Line to St. Paul’s Cathedral. If you prefer to walk, continue east for half an hour and you will arrive at St. Paul’s Cathedral, the largest religious building in Britain, completed in the early 18th century. South of the cathedral you will find the Millennium Bridge, the famous pedestrian bridge that had to be closed only two days after the inauguration due to vibrations due to the large number of passersby. Across the river, on your left, you can see The Shakespeare Globe (a replica of the famous Elizabethan theater) and in front of it the Tate Modern, a museum of contemporary art. From here, head west for a short walk along the river, then head north across the Waterloo Bridge.

It is almost time to leave the capital, but not without having diner first. You are now very close to Covent Garden (Savoy Street stop on the Central Line starting from the cathedral), a neighborhood plenty of shops, restaurants, pubs and bars where you can eat and have a cocktail before departure. You can then take the underground which will take you back to Victoria (from Covent Garden Station, take the Piccadilly Line and change at Green Park Station to take the Victoria Line to Victoria Station).

Now we know that visiting London is possible. What have you visited? Tell us in the comments.

Knowing London

Simbolo rotondo Metropolitana Londra

Discover and get to know London, a wonderful city with a thousand faces.

London is not only the capital of the United Kingdom or the largest city in Europe or the third most populous city on the continent (8.5 million) after Moscow and Istanbul. London is second only to New York in the ranking of the most important and influential cities in the world and represents the main financial center of the entire planet.

Most people say that when you are in London – and I do not necessarily mean in “The City”, the business and finance district – you have the strong feeling of being in the center of the world, as if you were in the place from which the most important decisions start, in the headquarters of a multinational company called “Earth”.

London, with its 3 million immigrants, is the most multi-ethnic city in Europe and is characterized by a fascinating mix of languages (you can hear over 300 different languages), races and cultures that, more than in any other cosmopolitan metropolis, coexists more or less serenely and in compliance with local rules. This is mainly due to the democratic and preconceived attitude that London, in its inhabitants and institutions, shows towards anyone, whether it is a Londoner by birth or an immigrant. Just think that the mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, is a Muslim of Pakistani origin.

Brighton is a city built on the south coast and is one of the most loved cities in England

You too will receive the same treatment as the others, there will be no discrimination because you are a foreigner or because you have just arrived. Like the others, you too have a very wide range of job and business opportunities that you can conquer in a meritocratic way. You just need to get the right information to move in the way that best suits your needs. And we will probably be able to give you a little help, be part of our Facebook group.

Londra no discriminazioni

Get to know London, city of opportunities

That’s right, it is one of its most beautiful and characteristic aspects, which makes it one of the most sought-after permanent destinations – probably the number one in the world – and an object of desire for those who want to make a fortune.

London is a big city and you will have no trouble finding a job quickly.

There are several tools to look for work:

  • The most official tool to look for work is the Job Center, the efficient free placement service spread throughout the territory. They are public offices you can go to and have the opportunity to independently consult the many job vacancies on display or fill in a special form and leave your Curriculum Vitae.
  • Facebook groups: many people use Facebook groups and help each other by providing information on available jobs.
  • Websites: Gumtree, Indeed, Reed.co.uk, Totakljob etc.
  • Certainly very effective and suggested method is to print a bunch of CVs and distribute them by hand once arrived in the UK. To get some info about it, read our post about the importance of CVs.

Work and investment in London

The fear of losing your job and remaining unemployed does not exist in this city, on the contrary, there is a tendency to often leave a job to look for a better and more profitable one. Salaries are generally higher than in many other european countries and the incentive system of work allows you to improve your income over time thanks to the achievement of higher levels given by seniority and performance. Furthermore, the limited and simplified English bureaucracy allows you to open a business very quickly and at very limited costs, in fact, London is a city that hosts a huge number of international companies, including many Americans, Italian, French and Spanish ones. The highest number of businesses is in the hospitality, over 2,000 Italian restaurants. Punctuality and respect for payments are among the things that people appreciates most.

Lavorare a Londra

The modernity of London, the second most important city in the world

Integration is probably in the DNA of this city, just look at the extraordinary harmony that exists between the historical monuments and the most modern buildings in the city. Ancient and modern at the same time, this is London. Classic and conservative on the one hand, focused on innovation on the other. The sudden changes in entire neighborhoods are a testament. Just think of Notting Hill, Brixton, Hackney and the modern Docklands, which was once the largest port in the world.

Expeditions for the Indies and conquest of half the world that made London the headquarters of the British Empire, the largest of all time, left from that port. It was in that century, the nineteenth century, that London became the largest and most important city in the world, rising from 1 to 6.7 million inhabitants. It became the world headquarters of trade, banks and international politics. In this century, most of the historic buildings arose and became symbols of London and major tourist attractions.

BUY THE LONDON PASS AND SAVE ON MUSEUMS, PALACES AND ATTRACTIONS

Museums and palaces. Get to know London and its attractions

One of these, which has become a real icon of London, is the Tower Bridge, the most famous opening bridge in the world built in the late 1800 and which connects the two sides of the Thames near the Tower of London (from which it takes its name and represents one of the main attractions). Inside the bridge you can buy a ticket (about 10 pounds) for the Tower Bridge Experience, the permanent exhibition inside the bridge that allows you to see the gears that once opened the bridge, to look through the glass floor and to know the history of the bridge that had made the whole world talk about it for its beauty and for its innovative mechanical devices, considered an authentic engineering marvel.

You will surely have seen on TV, perhaps during some news of the English royalty, Buckingham Palace, the official residence of the sovereign of the United Kingdom, where thousands of tourists every year go to attend the traditional change of guard. It is also possible to visit other areas of the castle with guided tours (£ 20-40).

It is almost impossible to find a person who has never seen or heard of Big Ben, the most famous watch in the world. In reality Big Ben is the nickname given to the largest bell of the clock tower, the Elizabeth Tower, and is part of the majestic Westminster Palace, also built in the nineteenth century, known as Houses of Parliament where the two chambers of parliament are based . The palace actually arose in the 11th century, but due to the disastrous fire in 1834 it was completely rebuilt, with the exception of Westminster Hall which represents, in fact, the only original part built in 1097.

Londra artistica

Big Ben, the most famous watch in the world

If you want to appreciate other historical works, you must absolutely see Saint Paul’s Cathedral, the largest and most important British church that was built in the late 1600, and Westminster Abbey (11th century), the second most important Anglican place of worship; the Kensington Palace (where you can take the tour of the royal apartments for about £ 20).

Also in the nineteenth century (1840) another symbol of London was born, the gigantic and spectacular Trafalgar Square, built in memory of the battle won by Admiral Nelson to the detriment of the Franco-Spanish fleets during the Napoleonic wars. On the north side of the square you can find the National Gallery Museum.

Access to London’s many museums

Speaking of museums, if you are passionate about art and culture you are in the right place because one of the peculiarities of this city is the ability to access most of the museums for free. They are so many and beautiful that I would not know which to suggest. If you are passionate about history and archaeological finds you should definitely go to the British Museum, one of the largest and most visited in the world, as well as the oldest. If you love paintings you cannot miss the exhibition of over 2300 pieces (including Botticelli, Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Van Gogh, Raffaello, Leonardo da Vinci) of the National Gallery; if instead you are fascinated by contemporary art, you must go to the Tate Modern, the most visited museum of modern art in the world; if you want to know the history of London since prehistoric times, then you must see the spectacular Museum of London; instead, the Natural History Museum, projects you into the evolutionary journey of the world and mankind. Click here if you want to access the full list of London museums.

London is also a city full of theaters and you have probably heard of the Royal Opera House, the most prestigious in the city and one of the most famous in the world. It is also called Covent Garden, because of the neighborhood in which it is located. Speaking of Covent Garden, let me spend a few words on this fantastic and fun neighborhood, in particular of its homonymous square which is certainly one of the funniest in all London. Here you can admire jugglers and many street artists who make a living by exhibiting their beautiful shows. Then there is a theater which, beyond its performances, is one of the major attractions of the city: the Shakespeare’s Globe Theater (ticket price £ 20).

London city of music and musicians

I don’t know if there are more musically active cities of London around the world. Many music international stars are born here and be sure that every day some of them is performing somewhere in the city. Maybe at the Royal Albert Hall, an event room (concerts, ballets, boxing, wrestling, conferences etc.) with only 5500 seats, but very exclusive. One of its peculiarities is the gigantic and suggestive pipe organ (about 10,000).

London, in addition to being a place where many artistic and cultural attractions are concentrated, is also a city full of different attractions and famous for an infinite number of reasons. Monuments such as Saint Paul’s Cathedral or the Tower of London may not sound familiar to you, but you surely know Harrods, the most famous luxury store in the world, or the illuminated sign of Coca Cola in Piccadilly Circus or the famous markets of Camden Town, or the renowned Madame Tussauds wax museum.

Madame Tussauds Museo delle cere

Madame Tussauds – some real waxes

One of the most modern attractions together with the London Eye, the tallest ferris wheel in the world with its 135 meters and 32 capsules as per the number of districts in London, is The Shard, the 310 meter high glass skyscraper designed by Renzo Piano, the highest in all western Europe and from which you can observe (telescopes and representations of ancient London) a real overview of London from above. The ticket for the lookout has a cost of £ 25.

From up there you realize how green London is; the area occupied by parks and gardens is 47% of the entire city, 180 km2. London’s parks are a bit like for other countries the sea or the mountain: places of leisure and amusement crowded especially during the summer and the beautiful sunny days. Their interior is often populated by numerous animals, lakes (also navigable) trees and entertainments for children. They are often home to concerts or various events.

Our article about London is constantly evolving and developing as London is a city on which we could build an entire site.

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Happy reading and … welcome to London!