AIRE Registration: Anagrafe degli Italiani Residenti all’Estero

Aire Anagrafe Italiana Residenti Estero

AIRE – Anagrafe degli Italiani Residenti all’Estero

The Registry of Italians Residing Abroad, or AIRE, is a vital record for Italian citizens living abroad. The AIRE registry contains the data of Italian citizens who have been residing abroad for a period exceeding twelve months. AIRE is managed by municipalities based on data and information provided by consular representations abroad.

This article will delve into AIRE in detail, focusing on who should register, how to do so, and what impact it can have on the lives of Italian citizens living abroad. Continue reading to discover the key aspects of AIRE registration and how it can influence your experience abroad.

Registration with AIRE is both a right and a duty for citizens, and it is essential to access a range of services provided by consular representations abroad, including:

  • The opportunity to vote in political elections and referendums by correspondence in your country of residence, as well as for the election of Italian representatives to the European Parliament in seats established by the diplomatic and consular network in EU countries
  • Obtaining the issuance or renewal of identity and travel documents (including certifications)
  • Renewing your driver’s license (in non-European countries)


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Who Should Register with AIRE?

  • Citizens who transfer their residence abroad for periods exceeding 12 months
  • Citizens who already reside abroad, including both those born abroad and those who have acquired Italian citizenship through any means

Do not need to register with AIRE:

  • Citizens who go abroad for a period of less than one year
  • Seasonal workers
  • State employees in foreign service, who are notified under the Vienna Conventions on diplomatic and consular relations of 1961 and 1963
  • Italian military personnel in service at NATO offices and facilities abroad

How to Register with AIRE Online:

Registration with the Register of Italians Residing Abroad (AIRE) must be done within 90 days of transferring one’s residence, and it involves the simultaneous cancellation from the Register of the Resident Population (A.P.R.) of the municipality of origin.

To simplify this process and minimize inconvenience, you can register with AIRE online through our website and or the portal by using SPID (Public System of Digital Identity) or by registering on the portal. Another method is to complete the forms available on the websites of the Consular Offices, attaching documentation that proves your actual residence within the consular district and a copy of your identity document.

Additional information can be found on the websites of the Consular Offices.


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Consequences of Failing to Register with AIRE

Starting from January 1, 2024, Italian citizens residing abroad who do not register with AIRE (Anagrafe degli Italiani Residenti all’Estero) risk incurring administrative fines. The new regulation, introduced by Law No. 213 of December 30, 2023, provides for a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 euros for each year of failure to register with AIRE, up to a maximum of 5 years.

Registration with AIRE is a legal obligation (Law No. 470/1988, art. 6) for all Italian citizens residing abroad for more than 12 months, whether they were born abroad or subsequently acquired Italian citizenship. This registration allows them to access consular services and exercise important rights, such as voting by mail in political elections and referendums.

It is the responsibility of the municipalities of residence of non-compliant citizens to ascertain violations and notify fines by December 31 of the fifth year following the year in which the registry obligation should have been fulfilled. It is important to emphasize that these administrative fines do not negate any potential tax penalties related to tax assessments.

To avoid these consequences, it is essential to promptly register with AIRE at the time of moving abroad for a period exceeding 12 months.

Documents to Prove Actual Residence in England

To unequivocally confirm your actual residence in England, you can provide various documents as evidence of your residency. These documents serve as documentary evidence that solidify your position as a British resident. Here are some examples of valid documents to prove your residency:

  1. Utility Bills (Electricity, Gas, etc.): This document is a receipt of payment for public services like electricity and gas and must have been received within the last 3 months. It is a crucial proof of residence as it demonstrates the use of domestic services in the United Kingdom.
  2. Council Tax: This is the local tax covering local services. The receipt must have been received within the last year and is a recognized document to prove residence at the specific address.
  3. Bank Statement: This document is a record of your financial activities in your bank account and must have been received within the last 3 months. It can demonstrate a continuous financial presence in the country.
  4. National Health Service (NHS) Registration Card: This card shows registration with the United Kingdom’s National Health Service and is valid if received within the last 3 months. It serves as proof of health coverage and residence.
  5. National Insurance Number (NIN) Confirmation Letter: The National Insurance Number is essential for taxpayers in the United Kingdom. Its issuance is an indicator of residence, valid if received within the last 3 months.
  6. Official Letter from a British Government Office (Job Centre, HMRC, etc.): These letters come from British government offices such as the Job Centre or the Inland Revenue and must have been received within the last 3 months. They represent official documents confirming interaction with the British government.
  7. University Attendance Confirmation: This letter certifies your attendance at a university institution and must have been received within the last 3 months. It serves as proof of residence for university students.

When provided accurately, these documents form a strong basis for proving your actual residence in England. This procedure is crucial to ensure that your status as an Italian citizen living abroad is duly recognized, granting you access to all the rights and services to which you are entitled.

What Changes in Your Daily Life After Registering with AIRE?

So, now that you’ve taken the significant step of registering with the Registry of Italians Residing Abroad (AIRE), what happens in your everyday life? Well, get ready for a bit of change. In this section, we’ll explain how AIRE registration can influence aspects like healthcare, your primary care physician, and more. You’ll discover what to expect when you officially become an Italian resident abroad.

  • Farewell to Your Primary Care Doctor in Italy: One of the first things you’ll notice is that you’ll have to say goodbye to your primary care doctor in Italy. After registering with AIRE, you’ll no longer be considered a resident in your Italian town, which means you’ll lose the right to be treated by your trusted doctor. You’ll need to find a new solution for your medical visits, which may include enrolling in the local healthcare system in your foreign country of residence.
  • Access to Healthcare: After registering with AIRE, you’ll have access to healthcare from the mutual benefit society only in cases of emergency. You’ll need to adapt to a change in how you manage your medical care. You’ll require health insurance or rely on the public healthcare system in your country of residence. However, to receive urgent hospital care, you’ll need to complete a declaration confirming your Italian residency and the absence of public or private health insurance coverage.
  • Medical Visits: Even though your primary care doctor in Italy will no longer be part of your life, don’t worry. You’ll still be able to undergo medical visits in your new country of residence. So, in practice, you’ll get the medical care you need by following the local healthcare procedures.

Of course, these are just a few of the changes you might have to deal with after registering with AIRE. But don’t despair because AIRE registration also comes with some interesting advantages, such as the official recognition of your residence abroad and tax benefits.


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What Are the Benefits of Registering with AIRE?

There are multiple advantages to registering with AIRE. In addition to those listed at the beginning of the article, additional benefits mainly concern the tax aspect. If you choose to work abroad while maintaining your Italian residency, you may face double taxation when reporting your income. When a tax resident of Italy earns foreign income, they are required to declare it in their fiscal residence (Italy).

  1. Double Taxation: One of the most significant advantages of AIRE registration pertains to double taxation. What does this mean? In brief, when you are a tax resident of Italy, you must declare and pay taxes on your income both in Italy and in the country where you reside. However, thanks to AIRE, when you are officially a resident abroad, you can avoid this double taxation. You will be subject to taxes only in the country where you reside, which can lead to significant tax savings.
  2. Consulting a Tax Advisor: While AIRE registration offers significant tax advantages, it’s essential to understand that your tax situation may vary depending on your country of residence. To maximize these benefits and save on taxes, it is highly recommended to consult a tax advisor or a tax professional experienced in international matters. This expert can provide personalized advice on your situation and help you complete tax declarations correctly and advantageously.
  3. Other Benefits: In addition to the tax benefits, AIRE registration may offer other advantages. For example, you may enjoy benefits related to the recognition of educational qualifications or access to specific services for Italians abroad. These advantages will vary depending on your country of residence, so make sure to explore the opportunities specific to your situation.

Is AIRE Registration Sufficient for Tax Compliance?

Taxes are typically due in the country of residence. Therefore, Italians residing in the UK must comply with tax payments to Her Majesty and will be required to pay taxes to the Italian state only on income generated in Italy or if they own assets in Italy (e.g., properties).

In Italy, for income tax purposes, non-residents are those who are not registered in the municipal registers of residents for the majority of the tax year, meaning for at least 183 days (184 for leap years), and do not have their domicile (main place of business and interests) or habitual residence within the territory of the Italian state.

If even one of these conditions is missing, the concerned taxpayers are still considered residents and, therefore, required to annually file their income tax declaration with the Italian Revenue Agency and pay the relevant taxes, even for income (or part of it) potentially generated abroad. You can find more information in the mini-guide of the agency for Italian workers abroad.

To begin asserting their rights as British residents, the formal step of registering with the Register of Italians Resident Abroad (AIRE) is essential. For more information on Italian residents and residents abroad, you can refer to the article Anagrafic registration is elevated to an absolute presumption of residence.

AIRE Registration Update

Updating your AIRE registration is the responsibility of the Italian citizen. This process ensures that the system is always informed about your current circumstances and residence.

The individual must promptly communicate to the consular office:

  • Change of Residence: If you move to another area or country, it is essential to notify the consular office of your new address. This ensures that your information is up to date, and you will receive important communications correctly
  • Changes in Civil Status: Events such as marriage, the birth of a child, or divorce require updating the information in AIRE. This is crucial for the accurate recording of these events and to ensure that your data is always correct
  • Permanent Return to Italy: If you decide to return to live in Italy, you must communicate this change to the consular office. This ensures that your AIRE registration is correctly canceled, avoiding future complications
  • Loss of Italian citizenship

Complete the update by providing the updated information and the required documentation.


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Failure to update information, especially regarding changes of address within your consular district, makes it impossible to contact the citizen and send the ballot card or electoral material in case of voting.

It is important for fellow citizens to communicate their address correctly and completely in compliance with the postal regulations of the country of residence.

Cancellation of AIRE Registration: What if You Return to Italy?

The procedure for canceling AIRE registration is an important step to consider when your situation changes, and you no longer meet the requirements for registration. The cancellation of AIRE registration occurs:

  • When you register in the Registry of Resident Population (A.P.R.) of an Italian municipality due to a transfer from abroad or repatriation
  • In case of death, including judicially declared presumed death
  • For presumed unavailability, unless proven otherwise, after one hundred years from birth or after two successive surveys have been carried
  • When the previously communicated foreign address is no longer valid and it is not possible to acquire a new one
  • For loss of Italian citizenship

Here is some Detailed Information on Cancellation from AIRE:

  • When Cancellation is Required: Cancellation from AIRE is necessary when you change your residence to Italy or lose Italian citizenship. These are the main reasons that require cancellation. For example, if you decide to return to Italy permanently, you will need to notify the local consular office of your intention to cancel your AIRE registration.
  • Cancellation Procedure: The cancellation procedure varies depending on the reason for canceling your registration. An Italian citizen coming from abroad who intends to move to Italy must personally appear at the registry office of the municipality where they intend to reside (which may be different from the one where they are registered with AIRE) and declare the address at which they intend to establish their residence in Italy. This will ensure that your data is correctly updated.
  • Specific Situations: There are specific situations in which cancellation from AIRE may be necessary, such as loss of Italian citizenship. In these cases, it is essential to follow the correct procedures to ensure proper cancellation.

AIRE Registration for Minors: All the Details

Minors who reside abroad with their parents or guardians are often subject to registration with the Registry of Italians Residing Abroad (AIRE). This process is important to ensure that minors have access to services and rights as Italian citizens living abroad. Here is a clear explanation of when minors should be registered and what documents are required.

  • Italian Minors Born Abroad: If you are a parent of a minor born abroad, it is important to register them with AIRE. This step is essential to ensure that your child is recognized as an Italian citizen with access to consular services and support.
  • Italian Minors Born in Italy, and Parents Reside Abroad: Registration is done directly by the Registry Officer in Italy when the child’s birth is reported. The Municipality will subsequently inform the consular office for updating the consular registry.
  • Italian Minors Moving Abroad: Even if you were born in Italy but reside abroad with your family, you should be registered with AIRE. This registration ensures that you and your family can benefit from consular services and rights as Italian citizens residing abroad.

If the minor lives with only one parent, AIRE registration is mandatory, whether they live with the Italian parent only or with the foreign parent only. The registration request can be submitted by both parents (including the parent not living with the minor), preferably with authorization.

The documentation required for registering a minor with AIRE may vary slightly depending on the specific situation. However, in general, you will need:

  • Birth certificate of the minor
  • Identity documents of the parents or guardians
  • Other documents required by local consular authorities, if applicable

And what about those who are not ready to take the step of registering with AIRE and giving up Italian residency but have interests, ties, and domicile in the UK?

No worries, as a rule, the United Kingdom considers them as Italian taxpayers and will not require them to pay taxes on income. In the case of employees for whom the English employer has already withheld and paid taxes to Her Majesty, these can be deducted in Italy when filing the income tax return.

It’s worth remembering that anyone who is considered a resident in Italy, even if they work (even as an employee) in the UK, will be required to file the Italian income tax return, even if they have no income or property in Italy.


The following article is based on information found on the websites of the Italian Consulate, Online Consular Services, and Fisco Oggi.