Italians in the United Kingdom: Returning to Italy. What are your rights and duties?

Ragazza con la valigia in mano

Repatriating to Italy represents a crucial moment for those who decide to return to their country of origin, regardless of their origin, be it the United Kingdom or other international destinations. This comprehensive guide is designed to assist you in every phase of the process, highlighting your rights and responsibilities if you have chosen to return to Italy from the United Kingdom.

We will cover various aspects, from documentation and bureaucratic procedures to job opportunities, education, and integration into Italian culture.

Repatriating to Italy

When considering repatriating to Italy, it’s important to understand both the rights and duties associated with this significant step. As a citizen of the European Union, you have the right to live and work in any EU country. However, if you decide to leave the United Kingdom, it’s mandatory to inform the British government of your departure and your new residence.

The procedure for informing the British authorities of your departure involves filling out a departure notification form. This step is essential to ensure a smooth transition and potentially request a refund of overpaid taxes. After informing the British authorities, you can focus on your new life in Italy.

Furthermore, if you have worked in the United Kingdom, it’s useful to know that you are entitled to apply for unemployment benefits for repatriates. This allowance is provided for those who have worked abroad and are returning to live in Italy, offering financial support during the search for a new job.

Who Is Eligible for Unemployment Benefits for Repatriates?

The right to unemployment benefits for repatriates is reserved for those who have worked abroad and are now returning to Italy. However, specific requirements must be met to benefit from this advantage.

In general, it is necessary to have spent a significant period abroad and meet the contribution requirements for the unemployment insurance system.

The Essential Requirements

To obtain unemployment benefits as a repatriate, it is essential to meet some essential requirements:

  1. Be an Italian or European Union citizen: This ensures access to this type of assistance in Italy.
  2. Have worked abroad for a period of time: Your work experience abroad is a key factor in determining your eligibility.
  3. Have decided to return to Italy: The willingness to return to Italy is a fundamental prerequisite.
  4. How We Can Assist You: The key to obtaining unemployment benefits as a repatriate is having the correct documentation in hand. We are here to help you retrieve all the necessary documents to apply and ensure the support you need.
  5. Provide the required documentation, such as a copy of your passport, Italian identity card, Italian health card, and the document attesting to your work activity abroad.
  6. Notify the “Dichiarazione di Immediata Disponibilità” (DID) to the relevant employment office within 30 days of your repatriation date. This is necessary to initiate the process of applying for unemployment benefits for repatriated workers in Italy.

For further detailed information on specific requirements and the process of applying for unemployment as a repatriate, you can refer to the dedicated section on the INPS website. The related article provides additional details on how to submit the application and what documents are required.

How to Apply for Unemployment Benefits for Repatriates

To apply for unemployment benefits for repatriates, it is essential to follow a specific series of steps that ensure a smooth process. This financial support is available to those who choose to repatriate to Italy after working abroad. Here’s how to apply in detail.

First and foremost, you need to submit the Dichiarazione di Immediata Disponibilità al Lavoro (DID), which is the Declaration of Immediate Availability for Work, to the relevant Italian employment office in your area. This step must be taken within 30 days from your repatriation date in Italy. It’s important to emphasize that the request for unemployment benefits for repatriates is not limited to the United Kingdom but is valid for anyone who has worked abroad.

The procedure involves filling out the application form, along with the submission of the necessary documentation. This documentation includes a copy of your passport, Italian identity card, Italian health card, and a document attesting to your work activity abroad. The latter consists of a certificate that is requested from the UK tax office.

A key requirement is enrollment in the Italian public employment system. Additionally, you must actively demonstrate that you have been seeking new employment in the first six months after your return to Italy. Failing to meet this requirement could result in a rejection of the unemployment application.

The amount of unemployment benefits for repatriates is based on your last salary earned abroad. Furthermore, this allowance is provided for a maximum period of six months. However, if you are at least 35 years old and have worked abroad for at least five years, you may be eligible for an extension of the allowance up to twelve months.


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Taxation for Those Returning to Italy

Taxation is a fundamental aspect to consider when contemplating returning to Italy. This paragraph will provide an overview of the tax issues that could impact your decision and financial situation. Keep in mind that we will publish a comprehensive article dedicated to taxation for repatriates in the future, which will provide detailed insights into this topic.

When you decide to return to Italy, it’s essential to understand the tax implications that come with it. These implications include:

  1. Income Declaration: When you return to Italy, you’ll need to file an income declaration. This document will list all your earnings, allowing tax authorities to determine your tax liability. It’s important to be accurate and thorough in your declaration to avoid future issues.
  2. Property Taxes: Italy imposes property taxes on assets held within the country. These taxes vary based on the value and nature of your assets. Understanding how these taxes work and whether they may affect your financial situation is important.
  3. International Tax Regulations: If you’ve had financial activities abroad, it’s crucial to be aware of international tax regulations. These regulations can impact your tax obligations in Italy and may require the declaration of foreign bank accounts or investments.
  4. Tax Planning: Tax planning is essential to optimize your tax situation when returning to Italy. You can seek the assistance of tax professionals to maximize tax benefits and minimize taxes.
  5. Updated Laws and Regulations: Tax laws change over time, so it’s essential to stay updated on the latest tax regulations in Italy. This will help you avoid surprises and plan accordingly.

We will soon publish a detailed article on taxation for repatriates, delving deeper into these aspects and providing practical advice on managing tax matters during your return to Italy. Stay tuned for more information that can impact your transition.

Housing and Accommodation

When planning your return to Italy, one of the decisions you’ll need to make concerns your housing choice. This step will have a significant impact on your repatriation experience, and there are several options to consider based on your needs and plans.

  1. Temporary Accommodation: If you haven’t made a final decision on where to settle, you might consider temporary accommodation, such as short-term rentals or temporary residences. This will give you time to explore different Italian locations and decide where you want to establish yourself in the long term.
  2. Permanent Housing: If you already have a clear idea of where you want to live in Italy, you can start searching for permanent housing. This could involve looking for a rental apartment or purchasing a house, depending on your preferences and financial resources.
  3. Housing Sector Benefits: In some cases, you may be eligible for housing-related benefits or incentives, especially if you’ve decided to settle in specific areas of Italy or belong to certain categories, such as young individuals or families.


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Healthcare Services upon Returning to Italy

The first step to access healthcare services after returning to Italy is deregistering from the AIRE (Anagrafe degli Italiani Residenti all’Estero). This procedure is crucial as it signifies your return to Italian territory and the resumption of your full rights.

Once back in Italy and having re-established your residence, you can benefit from Italian healthcare services in accordance with the National Health System (SSN). This system provides a wide range of medical services, ensuring fair and efficient access to healthcare.

Furthermore, when repatriating to Italy, you are entitled to:

  • Medical Check-Ups and Hospital Care: The Italian SSN offers you the opportunity to access medical check-ups, hospital care, and treatments at reduced rates or even for free, depending on your situation. This contributes to providing high-quality healthcare without putting excessive strain on your budget.
  • Affordable Medications: Thanks to the SSN, you will have access to medications at reduced prices. This can significantly lower your healthcare expenses, making the purchase of medicines more cost-effective and accessible.
  • Health Insurance Coverage: In some cases, you might already be covered by international health insurance, but check whether this coverage can be transferred to Italy. Alternatively, consider the option of private health insurance to ensure comprehensive coverage and additional services, such as greater flexibility in choosing doctors and hospitals.

By deregistering from AIRE and re-establishing your residence in Italy, you can access a full range of healthcare services to ensure your well-being. This step is essential not only from a bureaucratic perspective but also for your health and peace of mind.

Job Opportunities in Italy

After repatriating to Italy, many people may ask the crucial question, ‘Where can I find job opportunities?’ The good news is that the beautiful country offers various job prospects in different sectors. Here are some key points to help you explore the Italian job market:

  1. Active Job Search: Once back in Italy, start your job search proactively. Use dedicated websites like job listing portals and online professional networks to look for opportunities in your skills or areas of interest.
  2. Growing Sectors: Some sectors are experiencing significant growth in Italy, including technology, healthcare, renewable energy, and tourism. Invest time and effort in searching for positions in these expanding areas.
  3. Update Your Resume: Ensure your resume reflects your current skills, experiences, and goals. Clarity and professionalism in your resume are essential to attract the attention of employers.
  4. Network: Leverage your local network. Ask family, friends, and acquaintances if they have information or job opportunities. Personal connections can be an invaluable resource for finding work.
  5. Learn the Language: If you are not fluent in Italian, seriously consider improving your language skills. Language proficiency is often a requirement for many positions and will open many more doors.
  6. Adapt to the Market: Be patient and be prepared for an adaptation period. The Italian job market may have different dynamics compared to your home country.
  7. Professional Advice: If you have difficulty identifying job opportunities or understanding market dynamics, you might consider the help of a career consultant or a specialized placement agency.
  8. Startups and Entrepreneurship: If you have entrepreneurial aspirations, Italy offers a fertile ground for startups. Explore the possibilities of starting your own business or enterprise.
  9. Continuous Training: Invest in your ongoing education. Additional courses and certifications can enhance your competitiveness in the job market.

Remember that success in job hunting requires determination and flexibility. Be open to opportunities that may not be exactly what you had in mind initially. Repatriating to Italy can be an exciting time for a new phase of your career, so make the most of your resources and efforts.

Transportation upon Returning to Italy

When you decide to return to Italy after a period spent abroad, another crucial aspect to consider is the transportation of your belongings. You will need to decide what to bring with you and how to do it efficiently. Here are some essential considerations:

  • Item Selection: Begin with a detailed selection of the items you wish to bring with you to Italy. This may include furniture, personal belongings, vehicles, and more. Evaluate the importance of each item and whether it is more cost-effective to transport it or replace it in Italy.
  • Transportation Options: There are various options for transporting your belongings, including sea, air, or road transportation. The choice will depend on the quantity of items, their size, and your budget. Each of these options has its own advantages and disadvantages.
  • Logistical Considerations: Planning the logistical details is essential. This includes safely preparing and packing your belongings, organizing the transportation, managing timelines, and handling customs formalities if necessary.
  • Associated Costs: Keep in mind that transporting your belongings can involve significant costs. Carefully assess your available budget and seek quotes from different transportation companies to obtain the best rates.
  • Transporting Your Four-Legged Friend: If you are bringing animals with you during repatriation, be sure to consider the needs of your feline friend. You may need to arrange a suitable pet carrier and check the regulations and requirements related to the importation of pets into Italy.
  • Insurance: It is advisable to insure your belongings during transportation, especially if they are valuable. Make sure you understand the insurance conditions and what it covers.

While these are initial considerations on the topic of transportation upon returning to Italy, we recommend further exploring your options and planning this phase carefully.

Universal Credit: what is it and who can apply for it?

Universal Credit application

What is Universal Credit?

Universal Credit is an essential government subsidy designed to provide financial assistance to citizens in the United Kingdom in order to cope with the costs of daily life. This article offers a comprehensive overview of Universal Credit, explaining who can benefit from it and how it operates.

You may be able to get it if you have a low income, if you are not working or if you cannot work for several reasons.

Universal Credit includes the following benefits:

  • Child Tax Credit
  • Housing Benefit
  • Income Support
  • Income-based Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA)
  • Income-related Employment and Support Allowance (ESA)
  • Working Tax Credit


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To be eligible for Universal Credit, you must meet a series of specific requirements. These include:

  • Low income or being unemployed
  • A minimum age of 18, unless you are in retirement or your partner is
  • Being at least 18 years old and not receiving family support
  • Reaching the state pension age (or your partner has)
  • Your family’s savings should not exceed £16,000
  • Residing in the United Kingdom

Additionally, the number of children can affect the amount of the subsidy.

If you live with your partner

Your partner’s income and savings will accumulate towards Universal Credit.

If you are at least 18 years old and are studying full time

You can re-apply for Universal Credit if any of the following are true:

  • Your partner (who lives with you) is eligible for Universal Credit.
  • You have a dependent child.
  • You have a disability that limits your ability to work.
  • You do not have the support of your parents and you are not under the care of the authorities.


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If you are studying full time

You can also apply for Universal Credit if you are attending full-time postgraduate courses and:

  • You don’t have parental support.
  • You have limited work capacity and are eligible for Personal Independence Payment (PIP).
  • You are in charge of a child.
  • You are a couple with child responsibility and your partner is eligible for Universal Credit.

Additional benefits

Your Universal Credit consists of a standard allowance and any additional amounts depending on:

  • Presence of dependent children.
  • Having a health condition that prevents you from working.
  • Difficulty paying the rent.

The standard amount varies according to income. See the reference tables.


  • Single and under 25 years old
  • Single and over 25 years old
  • As a couple and both of you are under 25 years old
  • As a couple and both of you are over 25 years old
  • £ 342.72
  • £ 409.89
  • £ 488.59 (for both)
  • £ 594.04 (for both)

If you have children

If you have 1 or 2 children, you will get an additional amount for each child.

If you have 3 or more children, you will get an additional amount for at least 2 children. You can get an additional amount for more children if the following conditions are met:

  • Your children were born before April 6, 2017.
  • You applied for 3 or more children before April 6, 2017.
  • However, there are always other exceptions.
  • For the first child
  • For the second child or any other children
  • If your child is disabled
  • If you need help with childcare
  • £ 281.25 (born before April 6, 2017) £ 235.83 (born after April 6, 2017)
  • £ 235.83 for each child
  • £ 128.25 or £ 400.29
  • up to 85% of all costs (up to £ 646.35 for one child and £ 1,108.04 for two or more children)


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Accommodation costs

You could get money to help pay for housing costs. How much you get depends on your age and circumstances.

The payment may cover the rent and some service charges.

The value of Universal Credit is relative to your income

If your income increases while receiving Universal Credit, the value of the subsidy will decrease by 63 p for each additional euro earned.

Stretta di mano e valigia piena di soldi

How do you receive the payment

The Universal Credit is credited to your bank account once a month.

The credit may include the amount for the accommodation to be paid to the landlord.

If you don’t have a checking account and are having difficulty opening it, call the Universal Credit helpline and provide an alternative payment method.

Your first payment

It usually takes about 5 weeks to get your first payment.

The wait before the first credit is due to an evaluation period of your position.

If you need help with your living expenses while waiting for your first benefit, you can apply for an advance payment.

Dates of payments

With reference to the date of the first payment, the following will be monthly payment after 30 days.
If the next payment date falls on a public holiday, you will receive the benefit the business day prior to the due date.

What is needed to submit the application

You will need:

  • Your checking account details.
  • Email address.
  • Information about your accommodation, for example the rent cost.
  • Details of your income, for example pay slips.
  • Details on savings and any investments, eg. shares or rental properties.
  • Details of how much you pay for the care of your children.

Report a change in circumstances

It is crucial to promptly report any changes in your circumstances through the journal of your Universal Credit account.

These changes can include finding or losing a job, having a child, moving in with your partner, taking care of a child or a disabled person, changing your residence, or altering your bank details. Failing to report changes promptly could lead to the suspension or reduction of your benefit.

Changes, with more details, may include:

  • You have found a job or you have stopped working
  • You had a son
  • You moved in with your partner
  • You take care of a child or a disabled person
  • You changed your residence
  • You changed your bank details
  • The cost of your rent has changed
  • There have been changes in your health condition
  • Your illness has worsened and you can no longer work
  • Your monthly salary has changed


If you need further information or assistance, you can contact the Universal Credit helpline at 0800 328 5644 or visit the official Universal Credit website.